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RING TAILED LEMUR MONKEY

$4,500.00 $2,500.00

The ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) is a large strepsirrhine primate and the most recognized lemur due to its long, black and white ringed tail. It belongs to Lemuridae, one of five lemur families, and is the only member of the Lemur genus. Like all lemurs it is endemic to the island of Madagascar.
Species: L. catta
Genus: Lemur; Linnaeus, 1758
Family: Lemuridae

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Species: Lemur catta
Physical Description:

Height: 15-18 inches
Tail length: 22-25 inches
Weight: 3-3.5
Coat: thick and soft, rosy gray coloring, white underside, ringed tail with alternating white and black bands
Skin: black skin on nose, hands, and feet; scent glands near wrists. In males these glands are overlaid *” a horny spur. Eyes: binocular vision
Locomotion: fluid motion, walks with a still, leaves ground with little effort, sails to height of approximately 10 feet. Spend more fin)e on the ground than any other type of lemur.
Longevity: 20+ years
Geographic Location: Madagascar

Ecology:

Habitat: In trees, drig tailed lemurs prefer broad horizontal limbs to thin, less stable branches. Also use ground extensively.
Home Range: in groups of 5-30 with both male and female dominance hierarchies, but females dominant to males
Day Range: the group travels during the day and use tails as a visual signal; day ranges vary greatly, recorded as approximately 900-1000 m
Population Density: 6-23ha/15-57 acres; each group consists of an average of 15 lemurs; groups cover between 15-57 acres
Diet:

Eat fruit, leaves, herbs, and other plant parts including bark and sap
Especially favored is the Kily tree
Proportion of fruit to leaves in diet varies a=rding to forest type
Predation: few natural predators due to secluded development on Madagascar
Social Organization:

Group size: 3 to 20+ individuals, average 18 with multiple adult males and females Females are dominant and remain in natal group; males transfer out
Females are dominant not only over males, but have their own dominance hierarchy among females which leads to better access at feeding sites
Dominant males lead other males with a tail held high and curved in an ‘S’
Rank does not play a role in mating
Defined territories tend to overlap with other groups
Young are raised by the entire group; orphans are ‘adopted’
Aggression: During ritualized fights, animals smear tails with secretions from scent glands at wrists and then waive the tail at opponents
Intelligence:

Highly adaptable to our climate and conditions
Lemurs try to ‘fatten up’ before the harshest season to survive
Excellent sense of balance
Reproduction:

Sexual Maturity: for males, 18 months; for females, 16 months Length of
Gestation: 132-134 days
Females are fertile for a very short period of time. Estrus period ranges from March to July.
The onset of the mating season is usually mid-April to early May.
Births generally occur in early autumn
Litter size: 1 infant per female, twins rarely occur
Interbirth interval: 1 year
Infants weigh 1.4-2.8 oz at birth
30-50% infant mortality within ft first year Pairs crowd close together in sleeping trees
Parental Care:

Infants carried by females for 6 months
Infants carried on the mom’s belly for 1-2 weeks, then on her back for 1-2 weeks
Infants walk around 4 weeks, return to mother only to sleep and eat
Relationships between mothers and daughters last throughout life, sons eventually go off to other groups
The young are raised by the entire group

Gender

Male, Female, Both

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